عنوان مقاله [English]
This research aims to study the concept of adulthood and the impact of cultural and
social variables on giving importance to adulthood markers among a sample of
Iranian emerging adults. The research community consists of Tehran University
students: 301 students (with an age range of 19-28) were selected by stratified
random sampling and screening to participate in the research. Participants responded
to Demographic Information Questionnaire, Inventory of the Dimensions of
Emerging Adulthood (IDEA), Adulthood Markers Questionnaire, and Reached
Version of Adulthood Markers Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by T Test,
ANOVA test and Bonferroni post-hoc test. Findings of the research showed that
demographic variables of gender, marital status, membership in ethnic subcultures
are meaningfully affecting people's views on adulthood concept (P <0.05).
Considering the importance of adulthood markers in Iranian culture, the findings
showed that the participants regarded independence, interdependence, family
capacities, and norm compliance as the most important criteria of transition to
adulthood (P <0.01), while giving less importance (lower than average) to the
biological transition and legal transition as the criteria of transition to adulthood.
Finally, the students believed that by now the only markers of adulthood that they
have reached are independence, interdependence and norm compliance. According
to their evaluations of themselves, their reach to the markers of adulthood is
meaningfully more than average (P<0.01); however they believed that their reach to
the markers of role transition is meaningfully less than average (P<0.01).