نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استاد مشاوره، دانشکدة روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this research is to study and compare the post-crisis adaptability requirementsof urban and rural families. The statical scociety of the study is stablished on the families living in Sarpolzab and Dasht-e-Zahab villages who remained in their town and villages after the earthquake of Kermänšäh and adjusted to the living conditions. In urban part, 380 families were selected by cluster random sampling, and in rural part, 5 villages randomly-selected, and 300 rural families filled out the research questionnaire. In order to measure the variable of adaptation requirements, a researcher-made questionnaire, titled “Family Adaptation” was used which had three subscales of “family”, “spouse subsystem”, and “parent-child subsystem”. The validity coefficient of the questionnaire in the sample group obtained equal to 0.868. The analysis of the data was performed using Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The results indicated that there were significant differences in adaptability requirementsbetween urban and rural families. In the “family” subscale, security and belief-making needs were higher in priority for urban families than for rural families. In the spouse subscale, realistic needs of urban spouses were greater than the realistic needs of rural spouses. In parent-child subscale, there was no significant difference between the requirements of urban and rural families. Concerning the difference in adaptability between urban and rural families, these requirements have to put under consideration in post-crisis support packages.