مدل مفهومی کشمکش‌های روانی ـ معنوی در ایران: مطالعۀ کیفی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه قرآن و حدیث، قم. ایران

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکدۀ پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیه الله (عج)، تهران. ایران.

3 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، پژوهشکدۀ علوم رفتاری، پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه، قم، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

10.30487/jcp.2022.291391.1279

چکیده

تعارضات و کشمکش­های روانی ـ معنوی نقش مهمی در میزان سلامت جسمانی و روانی انسان­ها دارند. ازاین‌رو، پژوهش حاضر به مطالعۀ پدیدۀ کشمکش­های روانی ـ معنوی، عوامل پدیدایی، و پیامدهای آن در ایران پرداخت. این مطالعه با رویکرد کیفی و با استفاده از نظریۀ وابسته به زمینه انجام شد. بدین منظور، 14 مشارکت‌کننده به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و با استفاده از مصاحبۀ عمیق نیمه‌ساختاریافته به مدت 5 ماه موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. داده‌ها جمع‌آوری، ثبت، کدگذاری و مقوله‌بندی و نهایتاً در قالب الگوی نظری صورت‌بندی شدند. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل کدگذاری مصاحبه‌ها به شناسایی «280 کد»، «16 مقوله»، «3 درون‌مایه»، و«1 الگوی نظری» منتهی شد. 7 مقولۀ «روان‌شناختی»، «خانوادگی»، «موقعیت استرس‌زا»، «درونی‌سازی دینی»، «تصور از خدا»، «دلبستگی به خدا»، و «جهت‌گیری دینی پرسش‌گرانه» ذیل درون‌مایه عوامل پدیدایی کشمکش­های روانی ـ معنوی در تجربۀ زیستۀ مشارکت‌کنندگان شناسایی شد. سه مقولۀ «مشکلات روان‌شناختی»، «بی‌انگیزگی دینی»، و همچنین «رشد دینی» جزو درون‌مایه پیامدهای کشمکش­های روانی ـ معنوی تشخیص داده شدند. توجه به پدیدۀ کشمکش­های روانی ـ معنوی، و عوامل پدیدآورندۀ آن، به‌خصوص در بافت فرهنگی کشور ایران، و همچنین ساخت مداخلات روان‌شناختی متناسب با این کشمکش‌ها ضرورت مضاعف دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

conceptual model, of psycho-spiritual struggles in Iran: A qualitative method,

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad-Taghi Tabik 1
  • Ali Fathi-Ashtiani, 2
  • Masoud Janbozorgi 3
  • , Seyed-Kazem Rasoolzade Tabatabaei 4
1 The University of Qoran and Hadith
2 ehavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Research Institute of Hawzeh & University, Qom, Iran
4 . Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Psycho-spiritual struggles play an important role in the physical and mental health. The present study investigated the phenomenon of psycho-spiritual struggles, its factors, and its consequences in Iran. The main purpose of the qualitative phase was to explore the lived experience of Muslims with psycho-spiritual struggles in Iran. 14 participants were studied with purposeful sampling method and using in-depth semi-structured interviews for 5 months. The results of the coding analysis of the interviews led to the identification of "280 codes", "16 categories", "3 themes", and "1 theoretical model". The results showed that There are seven categories of "psychological", "familial", "stressful situations", "religious internalization", " God image", "attachment to God", and "quest religious orientation" as factors of psycho-spiritual struggles. Also, three categories of "psychological problems", "religious amotivation", and "religious growth" were identified as the consequences of psycho-spiritual struggles. Given the findings of this study, it is necessary to pay more attention to the phenomenon of psycho-spiritual struggles, its factors and consequences, especially in the cultural context of Iran, as well as to construct psychological interventions appropriate to these struggles.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • conceptual model"
  • " psycho-spiritual struggle"
  • "qualitative method"
  • "Grounded Theory"
  • "Mental health"
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