تجربۀ والدین مهاجر ایرانی مسلمان مقیم امریکا در ارتباط با تربیت فرزندان نسل دوم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

نسل دوم مهاجران، به نسلی گفته می­شود که حداقل یکی از والدین آن­ها مهاجر بوده و خود در کشور مقصد متولد شده باشند. مهاجرت و مهاجر بودن که به­واسطۀ آن، خانواده‌های مهاجر از جنبه­های گوناگون به اقلیت جامعۀ مقصد تبدیل خواهند شد، کار آسانی نیست و هنگامی که با دوران نوجوانی فرزندان و تعارضات و اختلافات رایج همراه با آن هم­زمان شود، والدین مهاجر را با چالش­های دوچندان مواجه می­کند. مقالۀ حاضر، نتیجۀ یک پژوهش کیفی با روش پدیدارشناسی است که به­منظور درک چگونگی تجربۀ ارتباط والدین ایرانی مسلمان مقیم ایالت کالیفرنیای امریکا با فرزندان نوجوانشان انجام شد. شرکت­کنندگان این پژوهش، متشکل از ۱۵ نفر از پدران و مادران خانواده­های مهاجر ایرانی مسلمان بود که فرزندان نوجوان ۱۳تا ۱۹ساله داشتند و به روش نمونه­گیری گلوله‌برفی انتخاب شدند. با هر یک از آنان، مصاحبه­ای به مدت ۴۰ الی۹۰ دقیقه انجام شد و مصاحبه­ها تا اشباع نظری ادامه یافت. تحلیل داده­ها، به یافتن سه مضمون اصلی منتج شد که عبارت­اند از: چالش­ها و دغدغه­های والدین مهاجر ایرانی مسلمان دربارۀ تربیت فرزندانشان، فرصت­ها یا جنبه‌های مثبت فرزندپروری در امریکا، و راهبردهای تربیتی مؤثر برای انتقال هویت اسلامی و ایرانی. مطالعۀ پژوهش حاضر می­تواند برای مشاوران، معلمان و مؤسسات ارائه­کنندۀ خدمات به مهاجران و خانواد­های مهاجر کاربردی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Experience of Iranian Muslim Immigrant Parents in the United States about the Upbringing of their Second-Generation Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaser Madani
  • Somayyeh Shahmoradi
  • Ameneh Shakeri
University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

A second-generation immigrant refers to a person who is born in a different country to where at least one of his/her parents immigrated. Immigration and being an immigrant through which immigrant families become a minority in the destination country, is not an easy task from different perspectives, and when it is coincided with children’s adolescence and the common conflicts and problems of this period, immigrant parents face additional challenges. This article is the result of a qualitative phenomenological study conducted to understand how Iranian Muslim parents living in California connect with their adolescent children. The participants of this study consisted of 15 parents of Iranian Muslim immigrant families with their 13-19  year-old children. They were selected through snowball method of sampling. Forty to ninety-minute interviews were conducted with each of them, and the interviews continued until theoretical saturation was achieved. Data analysis resulted in three main themes: challenges and concerns of Iranian Muslim immigrant parents about raising their children, opportunities or positive aspects of parenting in the United States, and effective educational strategies for transferring Islamic and Iranian identity. This study can provide practical points for counselors, instructors, and providers of immigration services for immigrant families.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • second-generation children
  • Iranian Muslim parents
  • Immigration
  • parent-adolescent relationship
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