اثر بخشی مداخله معنوی/دینی بر مقابله معنوی و آسایش روانشناختی زنان مبتلا به سرطان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سمنان. سمنان. ایران

چکیده

باتوجه به شیوع بالای سرطان پستان و ماهیت تهدید‌کنندۀ آن نیاز به معنویت و دین اهمیت زیادی پیدا می‌کند. بر این اساس، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر‌بخشی مداخلۀ معنوی/ دینی بر مقابلۀ معنوی/ دینی و آسایش روان‌شناختی در زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان انجام شده است.
در این پژوهش، از الگوی نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه شاهد در نمونۀ آماری ۶۰ نفره با استفاده از شیوۀ نمونه‌گیری در دسترس استفاده شده است. مداخلات به‌مدت ۶ تا ۸ جلسه برای گروه آزمون انجام و پرسش‌نامه‌های مقابلۀ معنوی/ دینی پارگامنت و آسایش روان‌شناختی ریف در دو گروه اجرا شد. داده‌های پژوهش با استفاده از روش تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شد.یافته‌های این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که مداخلۀ مبتنی‌بر معنویت/ دین به‌طور معناداری در افزایش مقابلۀ معنوی/ دینی مثبت و کاهش مقابلۀ معنوی/ دینی منفی زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان موثر بوده است، اما این مداخله بر آسایش روان‌شناختی آن‌ها در هیچ یک از زیر‌مقیاس‌ها تأثیر معناداری نداشته است. نتیجۀ این پژوهش نشان داد که مداخلۀ معنوی/ دینی منبعی مؤثر برای مقابلۀ معنوی/ دینی با مشکلات معنوی/ دینی شناخته می‌شود و این مداخله می‌تواند در برنامۀ درمانی این گروه از بیماران به‌کار برده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effectiveness of spiritual/religion intervention on spiritual coping and psychological well-being among woman with cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zeinab Ghaempanah
  • Parvin Rafieinia
  • Parviz Sabahi
  • Shahrokh Makvand Hosseini
Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
چکیده [English]

Due to the high prevalence of breast cancer and its threatening nature, the need for spirituality/religion is very important. Accordingly, the present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of spiritual/religious intervention on spiritual/religious coping and psychological well-being in women with breast cancer.
In this study, a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test design with a control group was used in a statistical sample of 60 people using the available sampling method. The interventions were performed for 6 to 8 sessions for the experimental group, and the Pargament Spiritual/Religious Coping and Ryff Psychological well-being Questionnaires were administered to the two groups. Research data were analyzed using analysis of covariance.
Findings of this study indicate that spiritual/religious intervention has been significantly effective in increasing positive spiritual/religious coping and reducing negative spiritual/religious coping in women with breast cancer. But this intervention did not have a significant effect on their psychological well-being in any of the subscales. In other words, this intervention was able to increase the level of spiritual/religious coping in the experimental group. This study showed that spiritual/religious intervention is an effective basis for spiritual/religious coping with spiritual/religious problems, and this intervention can be used in the treatment plan of this group of patients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • breast cancer
  • Spiritual / Religious Intervention
  • Spiritual / Religious Coping
  • Psychological Well-Being
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